Formation Date: May 1, 1960
Latitude: 20°06' to 24°42' North
Longitude: 68°10' to. 74°28' East
Area: 196,024 km²
High Court: Ahmedabad
Number of Districts: 33
Population: 6.27 crores (2013)
Gujarat is a popular state located in the western part of the country. Gujarat is geographical blessed with beauty in abundance and thus one will never get tired of exploring Gujarat. The latitudinal and longitudinal extents of the state are 20 degrees 06′ N and 24 degree 42’N and 68 degrees 04’ E and 74 degree 28’ E respectively.
Climatic condition of the state is diverse. Winters are mild and dry in Gujarat. The temperature throughout the day is 83 degree Fahrenheit and during the night the temperature falls to 53 degree Fahrenheit. Summers in the state are hot and dry. During the day the temperature scales to 115 degree Fahrenheit and during the night it’s 90 degree Fahrenheit. Monsoons are hot and humid with average temperature between 100 to 80 degrees Fahrenheit. Torrential downpours often result in massive floods in the state.
The Topography of Gujarat is divided in the following categories
- Kathiawar Peninsula- Kathiawar peninsula or Saurashtra lies to the west. The Arabian sea surrounds the peninsula from the three sides. The central part of the peninsula is a highland that has hills like Gir and Girnar.
- Kachchh Peninsula– Kachchh peninsula falls between Rann of Kutch and Gulf of Kachchh. The Kachchh peninsula is an isolated land with sand dunes, mud flats, and grains of sand.
- Rann of Kutch- Rann of Kutch lies in the North-eastern parts of the Kachchh peninsula. It is a low lying marsh land with soil that is high in salt content. The land discovered with tall grasses, mud, mud water and sand. During the winters the marsh becomes dry and gets covered with thin salty film. The northern part is called the Greater Rann and the eastern part is referred to as the Little Rann.
- Plain of Gujarat- The eastern region of Gujarat is an alluvium soiled fertile land. Fertile alluvium was washed in the region by rivers like Tapti, Narmada, Mah, and Sabarmati. The plain swiftly slopes down towards the west as well as southwest as per the directions of the flowing rivers. Major cities of the state like Ahmedabad, Gandhinagar, Vadodara, Jamnagar, Surat, Junagarh lie here. The major wildlife reserves of Vansda National Park, Gir National Park, Marine National Park, Blackbuck National Park.
Location of Gujarat
Gujarat lies along the western coastline of India and is surrounded by the Arabian Sea on the three sides. It shares its boundary with Pakistan in the northwest. Rajasthan lies to its north and northeast. Maharashtra in the southeast and Madhya Pradesh in the east. The state extends from Kutch at its westernmost end to Daman in Southernmost end.