Goa is the smallest state located on the western coast of the country. It has a land are of 3,702 km². In the northeast Goa shares borders with Maharashtra and in the south and southeast with the state of Karnataka. Though small in size it has a varied landscape.
The west coast borders Arabian Sea the 105 kilometres are all about sandy beaches, rocks, and bays. Behind the beaches are palm forests, dunes and large rock formations. Spoke rivers flow in the sea here. Goa is green and fertile. The monsoons ensure that the region has moisture all throughout the year. The Sahyadri mountains of the western Ghats form the natural border between Goa and India.
Topographically Goa can be divided in three regions. There are hills and mountains in the east of the state. The ridge that separates the deccan plateau from the coastal region. Goa has a tropical monsoon climate. Goa being the tropical area and near the Arabian sea it has hot and humid climate all throughout the year.
The month of May is the hottest and temperature goes above 35 degree Celsius. Monsoon period is from June to September, post monsoon period is from October to January and pre-monsoon period is February to May.